RESULTS of study of polygamy in Syria where both monogamy and polygamy are practised:
Findings revealed that women in polygamous marriages experienced lower self esteem, less life satisfaction, less marital satisfaction and more mental health symptomatology than women in monogamous marriages. Many of the mental health symptoms were different; noteworthy were elevated somatization, depression, hostility and psychoticism and their general severity index was higher. Furthermore, “first wife syndrome” was examined in polygamous families, comparing first with second and third wives in polygamous marriages. Findings indicated that first wives reported on more family problems, less self esteem, more anxiety, more paranoid ideation, and more psychoticism than second and third wives.